The E-Sylum v11#46, November 16, 2008

esylum at esylum at
Sun Nov 16 10:41:22 PST 2008

    The E-Sylum
  An electronic publication of
  The Numismatic Bibliomania Society

Volume , Number 46, November 16, 2008


Among our recent subscribers are Kevin Andersen, 
Alex Siegel, 
Kyle Knapp, and
Brett Telford. Welcome aboard! We now have 1,219 subscribers.

Your editor is traveling today for business, so this issue is going out early for a change. We open with notes on numismatic literature sales by Lake, Noble and Kolbe, and announcements of new books on Fiat Money, U.S. gold and the Coins of England.   We discuss two mysteries this week, but only one is solved: the case of the missing dollar dies and the mystery of the Gramercy coin boards.

In topics opened in earlier issues, we discuss the 1844-O Eagle, the Ohio cash hoard, grumpy dealers and Arizona token book author Hal Birt.  You can probably guess why dancers from Halau Olapakuikalai O Hokuaulani of Kaneohe performed the hula this week, but to learn about the world's smallest sculptures (and see some incredible photos), read on.  Have a great week, everyone!  

Wayne Homren
 Numismatic Bibliomania Society


Fred Lake writes:

The prices realized list for Lake Books' sale #95 is now available for viewing on our web site at: You can also find a link in our "past sales" page.
Our thanks to those who participated in this sale and we will post the catalog next month for our sale #96 which will have a closing date of January 20, 2009 and features selections from the library of Charles Hoskins.


Colin Pitchfork forwarded the following information, noting that there are "books galore" in the upcoming Noble Numismatics sale in Australia.

The Next Noble Sale 89 (November 25-28, 2008) has many hundred of books in the auction.   These can be viewed on the web site _
. The named library books are deceased estates. The relevant lots are 

1841-1857 Wright Collection.
2740-2803 Tom Hanley Library - General books mostly 30-40 books each lot
4242-4300 Tom Hanley Library - Numismatic books mostly bulk lots in each lot with very cheap estimates
4301-4327 other numismatic books many as bulk lots.
4590-4622 Tom Hanley Library - Military books mostly bulk lots in each lot with very cheap estimates.

Unfortunately, none of the literature lots seem to be illustrated in the catalog.  Still, there are many interesting titles and lots offered.  Here are some examples.  -Editor

Lot 4271  INDIA, a collection of books dealing with the coinage of various eras in Indian history, punch-marked types, hordes held by museums, various journals of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1873, 1931, 1934, Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1880-1881 and a host of other books, Very fine, some scarce. (31)  

Lot 4270  HYMAN, Coleman P., An Account of the Coins, Coinages and Currency of Australia, Sydney, 1893, endorsed on the first page 'With the writer's compliments' and on the last page is a notation 'This concluding note was written on the 14th June, 1893' and initialed CPH. Front and back cover torn, some foxing on first few pages, otherwise very fine and rare.

Lot 4276  LONG, Mark H., A Skeleton Catalogue of Australian Copper Tokens, Sydney, 1st January, 1901, ex A.Burton library with his hand-written notes throughout. Fine and rare.  

Lot 4290  NUMISMATIC SOCIETIES, minutes and reports of meetings of a number of different societies in Australia including presentation reports on a variety of numismatic topics, many by early period legends of Australian numismatics, includes Australian Numismatic Society, 1914 - onwards. Fine - very fine and historically very important. (1,000 plus documents and booklets)  

To view the catalogue, see:

S.89 Important Australian & World Coins, Medals, & Banknotes



George Kolbe provided the following press release about his firm's upcoming January 10th sales #107 and #108.

We would like to draw the attention of your readers to several highlights of our upcoming numismatic literature public auction sales to be held in New York City on January 10, 2009 at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in conjunction with the New York International Numismatic Convention. Illustrations for the items described below are accessible as TIFF files by going to our web site:; clicking on News Releases and Announcements; then clicking on the November 10, 2008 Full Text Press Release.

The highlights of two outstanding numismatic libraries are to be sold, both remarkable for their exceptionally fine overall condition. The first 72 page catalogue features 100 lots of rare and classic works on American numismatics, with some fifty full color illustrations. Lots 1-75 are from The Twinleaf Library and lots 76-100 are the property of several additional consignors. The second 108 page catalogue, with over one hundred full color illustrations, is comprised of 175 early printed numismatic books and classic titles on Italian coins and medals from the library of Dr. Ferdinando Bassoli of Turin, Italy, numbered from 101 to 275.

Further information on any of the lots that follow may be found in the two catalogues, both of which are accessible at our web site.

Lot 1 is an extremely rare original 1881 Frank Andrews work on U. S. Cents, 1816-57, one of only forty copies issued and one of as few as eight to ten copies known to have survived. It is the first work to cover the later date cents. The estimate is $8,500. 

Lot 41 is S. H. Chapman's Own Superb Plated 1921 J. M. Henderson auction sale catalogue, one of only a half dozen known and perhaps the finest to have survived. The 4 superb photographic plates depict outstanding United States large cents and half cents. The estimate is $12,500. 

Lot 88 features the first two works on American medals, published in the 1830s and arranged in a leather-bound volume and annotated by Charles Ira Bushnell, one of America's most famous 19th century numismatists. The estimate is $5,000. 

Lot 94 is an extremely rare 1724 work attributed to Jonathan Swift entitled "A Defence of the Conduct of the People of Ireland in Their Unanimous Refusal of Mr. Wood’s Copper Money." Again, it is from the Bushnell library and is prominently cited in Crosby's 1875 "Early Coins of America." No institutional copies of this rare second edition were located. The estimate is $5,000. 

Lot 150 is an outstanding example of Guillaume Du Choul's illustrated 1555 & 1556 works on ancient Roman coins, religion, and military camps, bound in remarkable n armorial leather-bound volume dated 1558. The estimate is $10,000. 

Lot 162 is the rare 1524 second edition of the first illustrated numismatic book, Andrea Fulvio's "Illustrium Imagines." Estimate $4,500. 

Lot 193 is a remarkable copy of Antoine Le Pois's well-illustrated 1579 work on ancient Greek, Jewish, and Roman coins in a superb French red morocco binding decorated in gilt, executed by one of the most famous Parisian bookbinders of the period. The estimate is $8,500. 

Lot 270 is and exceptionally fine set of the most comprehensive work ever written on the coinage of a single country, namely King Victor Emmanuel's monumental twenty folio volume set of "Corpus Nummorum Italicorum," published from 1910 to 1943. Dr. Bassoli's set is remarkable in that it features an original edition of the twentieth volume, a gift from the King's son. This final volume never advanced beyond the "proof" stage and perhaps a dozen or fewer copies are extant today. The estimate is $12,500. 

There are many other outstanding books in the two sale catalogues.


I wasn't aware of the first edition of this book, but I noticed an item about the second edition in the November 10th COIN World (p74).  Here are some excerpts from the publisher's web site.

Fiat Paper Money tells the history of the money in your wallet. From the first paper money issued in China in 1024 A.D., to the billions of currency notes circulating today, a fascinating legacy unfolds. Read the Preface. This new book weaves first-hand accounts of merchants, travelers, and explorers with banks, governments and nations. Fiat Paper Money provides a depth of research into a little known subject.

Our money today is the product of an abrupt change that happened less than four decades ago. It was then that the world's currencies all became fiat: backed only by laws and policies, and subject to change at any time. 

My mother was shocked when her favorite restaurant raised the price of coffee from 5¢ to 10¢ a cup in the late 1960s. Coffee had cost a nickel for decades, but suddenly everything was becoming more expensive. Yet she never questioned her money. She didn't know it was losing value. 

Fiat money inevitably loses value over time. In the centuries since paper money was invented, governments have often exercised fiat to arbitrarily set the value of money, with the same disastrous consequences. Empires collapsed and countless individuals were ruined when that paper money failed to buy what they needed. 

This book tells their stories. It gives the facts about how, why, and when fiat money changes. The responsibility to understand those changes rests with you. 

Dr. Ruth S. Arnon Hanham PhD. writes:

Not only [...] is Mr. Foster¹s subject one of crucial importance; he states his case clearly, drawing on a wealth of primary and secondary sources, touching upon many diverse cultures, from the Chinese to the European to the North American. His professional familiarity with all types of currency and coinage grounds the book, making it refreshingly free of airy theories and complicated jargon, accessible to any intelligent reader. Lastly, his style is brisk and lively, enriched by the author's own varied life experience. I highly recommend it. 

Donald E. Smith Professor of Physics College of Southern Maryland writes:

Loved your book on the history of paper money. It should be required reading in every college's ECON 101 course. 

For more information, see:




Uriah Cho of Zyrus Press forwarded this release about their new edition of David Akers' book on 20th century U.S. gold coins.

David W Akers’ classic numismatic reference, A Handbook of 20th-Century U.S. Gold: 1907-1933, first published in 1988, is now available in an updated second edition published by Zyrus Press! Revised and expanded by Jeff Ambio, author of the “Strategy Guide Series,” he begins the book by describing the changes in the market since the publication of the first edition. He says, 

Much has changed in the numismatic market since the first edition of this book went to print 20 years ago, particularly in connection with the 20th century gold series. Third-party certification has now become the industry standard for authentication and grading. The Internet has made numismatic research considerably easier and has made information readily available to anyone with access to a personal computer. And, of course, many important collections of 20th century U.S. gold coins have sold during the 20-year period from 1988 to 2008. Clearly, an update and revision were definitely in order.

However, Ambio also acknowledges that, 

Much of the information and conclusions that Akers incorporated into the first edition of this book remain, nonetheless, principal among which is his decision to exclude the circulated grades from the book… Additionally, Akers’ comments about the popularity and rarity of the four 20th century U.S. gold series are still valid in the numismatic market of the 21st century.

At 363 pages, this book follows an easy-to-read layout. Each coin is beautifully illustrated with full color coin images, with their characteristics broken down into strike, luster, color, surfaces, and eye appeal. Significant Examples of each coin, auction appearances to date and prices realized make a debut in this new edition, as well tables for “Total Known by Grade” and “Values by Grade.” Rarity and population figures are the latest information you will find and Proof gold coins are a welcome addition to this classic reference. 

Look for copies of A Handbook of 20th-Century U.S. Gold Coins in bookstores nationwide, or your local coin shop. Also available from Zyrus Press: PO Box 17810, Irvine, CA 92623. Phone: (888) 622-7823. Web: Stay up-to-date! Visit E-mail: info at

A Handbook of 20th-Century U.S. Gold Coins: 1907-1933 – 2nd Edition
Published by Zyrus Press, Inc. of Irvine, California (
Publication Date: November 2008
Binding / Size: Paperback / 6x9
Photos / Illustrations: 150+ full color images
Pages: 363
Suggested Retail Price: $34.95

For more information, see:

A Handbook of 20th-Century U.S. Gold Coins: 1907-1933 - 2nd Edition



Spink has published the latest edition of the Standard Catalogue of British Coins, 44th edition. -Editor

Coins of England and the United Kingdom remains the only single-volume reference work which features every major coin type from Celtic to the present day with accurate market values for every coin type listed. It is an essential guide for beginners, serious numismatists and anyone interested in British Coinage. 

As with every new edition, all sections of the catalogue have been carefully checked by the specialists at Spink and the prices of the coins have been updated to reflect current market conditions. The reference numbers used are recognized world-wide and are quoted by all of the leading auction houses and dealers. 

Free postage anywhere in the world if you preorder now (retail orders only).  

For enquiries and orders please contact Catherine Gathercole:  Tel: +44 (0) 20 7563 4046.  Fax: +44 (0) 20 7563 4066 or E-mail: books at 

Buyers receive a free jigsaw puzzle of the edition's cover coin when they return an enclosed postcard. Nice bonus!  -Editor

For more information, see:

Spink Numismatic Book Department



Sale #6 is now set for February 7th 2009. 
Consignments include:  Du Choul, Guillaume. VETERUM ROMANORUM RELIGIO, CASTRAMETATIO, DISCIPLINA MILITARIS UT BALNEAE: EX ANTIQUIS NUMISMATIBUS & LAPIDIBUS DEMONFTRATA. Amsterdam, 1685. We are accepting consignments for all future sales.   numismaticbooks at PH: (719) 302-5686, FAX: (719) 302-4933. Visit our web site for sale highlights


Kim Ludwig of David Lawrence Rare Coins forwarded the press release for a new web site the company is launching.  Some of the content could be of use to bibliophiles and researchers.

John Feigenbaum, President of David Lawrence Rare Coins
and Dominion Grading Service, announced today the unveiling of a new web site
called Stella 
which will provide daily Blogs by
numismatic leaders, as well as free access to DLRC Press publications.
According to Feigenbaum, “We hope Stella will become a regular stopping point
for collectors who are looking for more information on current events within the
coin community, as well as reference material that they previously could only find
in books.

In our first month of operations, we have published two rare books from our catalog. The first was David Lawrence’s anecdotal stories titled, Tales from the Bourse. The second, more
ambitious effort is The Complete Guide to Liberty Seated Half Dollars by Randy Wiley and Bill
Bugert. This amazing book remains the only standard reference to die varieties of this series and
it has been largely unavailable for over 5 years. 

Future plans for Stella include as many as 10 more DLRC Press titles and we hope to get other authors to contribute their books as well. As publishers of the Stella site, we encourage as much
participation as possible to make this a community forum.

Tales from the Bourse


The Complete Guide to Liberty Seated Half Dollars


Len Augsburger also pointed out this new site.  The Wiley-Bugert book has been in great demand, so the online version is likely to gain a quick following.


David Lange forwarded this press release about a new discovery which answered an open question in his research into early coin collecting boards.

A recent internet auction purchase has solved the mystery behind the elusive coin collecting boards published by Gramercy Stamp Company in 1940. A simple, four-page booklet reveals the reason why this publisher’s brand of coin boards carry so little information on them regarding their manufacturer and purpose. These boards, of which but two titles are known, were originally issued not as stand-alone items but as part of a boxed coin collecting kit.

In his book Coin Collecting Boards of the 1930s & 1940s — A Complete History, Catalog & Value Guide, board collector and researcher David W. Lange listed these two titles put out by Gramercy Stamp Company and speculated that they may have been included in just such a set. This notion was based on his discovery of a submission made by that business to the United States Copyright Office. Entry number KK 5046 was dated July 17, 1940 and records the delivery for copyright protection of the “Pennyhobby Coin Collecting Outfit No. 103.” Nothing was stated as to the contents of this item, but Lange reasoned that it likely included the two “penny” boards listed and illustrated in his book.

Lange recently obtained confirmation of this assumption through his purchase on the internet of a small booklet titled “HANDBOOK and INSTRUCTIONS” which illustrated the box art for that very same “PENNYHOBBY COIN COLLECTING OUTFIT No. 103.” This box also carries the notation “PROFITABLE EDUCATIONAL FASCINATING,” as well as the advice to “SAVE while PLAYING.” The box features large illustrations of the obverse of an 1864 Indian Head Cent and a 1909 Lincoln Head Cent, as well as a charming scene of Mom, Dad, Son and Daughter gathered around a card table examining pennies and mounting them in the boards. The inside pages of this booklet describe the contents of the coin collecting kit, while its back page lists the average prices dealers would pay at the time for Eagle, Indian and Lincoln Cents. This sort of information typically is found on coin boards, but its inclusion on a separate instruction guide explains the minimal text seen on the actual Gramercy boards.

Also found on the box cover are a collage of cents, as well as the very same line drawings which appear on the coin boards themselves. Included is an illustration of the young Abe Lincoln splitting rails and a Native American on horseback riding past a cluster of teepees. Another image is that of the U. S. Capitol building as seen on the Gramercy board for Lincoln Cents. These two coin boards are unique in that they are in landscape, or horizontal, orientation.

While the acquisition of this rare piece of ephemera has proved that the two Gramercy Stamp Company coin boards were indeed issued as part of a boxed coin collecting kit, the set itself has still not surfaced. So rare are the Gramercy brand boards that Lange has seen only four in 25 years of collecting antique coin boards. He is very interested in obtaining additional pieces, as well as the complete boxed set.

David W. Lange buys and sells old coin boards, as well as offering his book on the subject. He puts out newsletters and price lists regularly. His website devoted to coin boards is He may be contacted at 
David W. Lange, 
POB 110022, 
Lakewood Ranch, FL 34211-0022, by email at langedw at and by telephone at 941-586-8670.


Regarding the musical scale printed on the 1837 District of Columbia scrip note pictured in last week's review of Richard Doty's America's Money, America's Story, Arthur Shippee writes:

Did you try to sing the tune on the note?

Arthur guessed the tune, and that makes for a great QUICK QUIZ.  There are actually two musical notes illustrated in Doty's book, and here they are.  So... who can Name Those Tunes?   Also - is anyone aware of other scrip notes or banknotes with similar musical notation?  Not just notation that is only there for decoration, but actually represents a tune.  What about on coins, tokens or medals?  There are many numismatic items honoring famous musicians, but how many of them actually "carry a tune"?


Saul Teichman writes:

With regard to the 1844-O Eagle, the coin was offered in Elder's sale of the Woodin collection. 

It was listed as lot 1263 and sold to Virgil Brand for only $50 and was entered into the Brand journal as #57068.  The coin was not appreciated then as other gold proof eagles purchased at the time brought 
the prices shown below:

1838 proof $10 lot 1201 $200 Journal id - 57063 
1843 proof $10 lot 1203 $100 Journal id - 57065 
1848 proof $10 lot 1213 $100 Journal id - 57066 – later to Pittman 
1858 proof $10 lot 1223 $102.50 Journal id - 57067 same price as Jewett coin (this could also be the Jewett coin) 

As most bibliophiles know, Woodin kept his half eagles which I believe were sold to Newcomer in the mid-1920s thus the 1844-O half eagle has a different pedigree.


Regarding last week's item mentioning John Kraljevich's European visit and viewing of the Vattemare collection, Pete Smith writes:

Great photograph of John Kraljevich in this week's E-Sylum.

Actually, that was a portrait of Vattemare, found on the Boston Public Library web site:

Advocate of the establishment of a public library in Boston. Born in Paris near the close of the eighteenth century. In early life, a student of surgery with some army practice in that profession. Of wide European reputation as a ventriloquist and minor theatrical performer. After 1827 devoted his time and private fortune to the promotion of a system of international exchange of books, and in this connection advocated the establishment of free public libraries and museums in all countries.

I understand John has been learning ventriloquism as part of his research on Vattemare.  -Editor


Regarding the 2006 cash hoard discovered in the Cleveland area, I wrote:

I've not seen a numismatic account of the note hoard.  Is anyone aware of the contents?  Were there National Bank notes?  It would be a shame if the contents were never recorded for posterity.  Would buyers pay a premium for notes traceable to a particular hoard?

The hoard contained $182,000 face value of "Depression-era" U.S. paper money.  When the owner of the home and the contractor who found the hoard hidden behind a wall couldn't agree on how to divide the treasure, the deal fell apart.

Myron Xenos writes:

I was supposed to handle the distribution of this hoard, until greed set in. The homeowner, Amanda Reece, is the friend of a client of mine, and I talked to her.  Bob Kitts, her contractor, sued her, made it public, and lawyers for the original owner got involved.   She claimed $60,000 was stolen from her closet, took a trip to Hawaii, and is now considering bankruptcy.

To answer your question, I wanted to have the bills certified, given a hoard
name, and sold in that method. People will definitely pay more for an item
which has an interesting story attached.  I know I would have liked a certified piece of D.B. Cooper money.

The whole situation is really unfortunate. There would have been big 6-figure money involved and I am sure some of the notes got damaged. I have never heard of any of the bills surfacing, so I guess this is not the end of the story.

Bob Neale forwarded this image from the Star-News.  He writes:

There were seven $500 notes shown and one $1000.  It looked like seven notes are Federal Reserve District D and one is G, but the images weren't clear enough to be certain of that.

I located this CBS news video from December 2007.  It pictured some of the bills, and yes, there were National Bank notes.   

Amanda Reece had planned on sinking money into her nearly 90-year-old house, not pulling money out. 

“It was more of a fixer-upper than I thought,” Reece told CBS News correspondent Cynthia Bowers. 

So, imagine her surprise when her contractor, Bob Kitts, called to say he'd found a hidden treasure - inside the bathroom wall. 

“I open up one of the envelopes, tear open the corner and there's a $50 bill. I thought I was going to pass out,” Kitts said. 

The total? One hundred and eighty-two thousand dollars, many of them rare bills dating from 1929, worth an estimated half-million dollars.

To view the CBS video, see:

"Finders, Keepers" For Hidden Treasure?



Dick Johnson submitted these notes on the latest product catalog from the United States Mint.  -Editor

The United States Mint's 16-page 2008 Gift Catalog arrived in my mailbox this week as it did to perhaps eight million other customers of our nation's coin factory.  It showcases a plethora of current offerings in blazing color with professional photography and layout. Good job. 
Here are some of my candidates for awards:

Best Bargain Award in my mind is the 2008 Uncirculated coin set of 28 coins ($13.82 face) for only $9.13 voguish above face (page 5, item UD8). Includes five denominations from two mints with all the 
State quarters and President dollars issued in the current year. Really! 28 different coins!
Most Dramatic Award is the illustration for the Saint-Gaudens double eagle in double thickness in double high relief which will be offered in 2009. At double the price of gold?  Can't say yet. "Price to be determined." (All precious metal items are not priced, call or visit website.)
Just Learned The Terms Award goes to Director Edmund C. Moy, who defined the terms "proof" and "uncirculated" for us in his letter shown on page 2. Just learned what these meant, Ed?
Most Popular Coin Shown Award is Fraser's Indian and bison design which is shown 27 times on pages 6 and 7. In gold.
Photo Accessory Award goes to the photographer of page 12/13 who shows a Bureau of the Mint bag of 1906 along with a plaster model Andrew Jackson's dollar coin obverse of 1908. Please don't start collecting Mint bags (or ordering this one) -- the Mint is trying to sell 2008 Presidential coins.
Stretching the Last Possible Profit Award goes to the Mint's sales department for offering State quarters in philatellic-numismatic covers  or with statehood stamps, or with mashed dies that struck the quarters in the first place. (Next year's offer:  genuine cufflink of the State's Governor with each State quarter.)

All in all, nice catalog!  I can't wait to get my order in.


Regarding our discussions on grumpy book and coin dealers, Bruce Smith writes:

The stories about grumpy book dealers and coin dealers reminds me of something which happened to me about 20 years ago. I was born and grew up in St. Louis, but I didn't have any interest in Missouri history or Missouri collectibles till I moved to Wisconsin in the mid 1970's to join the staff of Krause Publications. 

At first I worked on the Standard Catalog of World Coins, but when that edition was finished, I was assigned to World Coin News. My title was Editorial Assistant, but at that time the entire staff of WCN was Russ Rulau and myself, so I have often fudged a bit and said I was assistant editor. 

One day Russ asked me what I collected. I told him I collected Chinese coins. He then asked, "What else?" in a tone which suggested there should be another answer. I didn't really collect anything else at that time, but in thinking about it later, I realized I was interested in Missouri obsolete paper money, though it was too rare for me to collect. 

I decided to collect Missouri bank checks. This led to Missouri tokens and Missouri post cards, and I realized I was homesick and didn't know much about Missouri history. I began buying books on the subject. 

On one of my trips to St. Louis, I visited the usual used bookstores on Delmar and Aamitin's downtown, but I noticed another used bookstore in phonebook, on DeMun, near Washington University. I drove out there and found a small but well-stocked book store in an out-of-the-way area. I selected a pile of books, took them to the counter where they were totaled. 

As I was paying for them, the owner noticed my Wisconsin drivers license. He informed me he could not sell the books to me because I was from out-of-state. It didn't matter whether I wanted to pay with cash, check or credit card, he would not sell me the books because he said he only sold books about Missouri to people who lived in Missouri.  It didn't matter that I had lived the first 25 years of my life in St. Louis, nor that I was interested in researching Missouri history -- he would not sell me the books. 

He explained that California book dealers would buy Missouri books from him and sell them out west where they would not be available to Missouri residents. When he had refused to sell to California book dealers, they sent "agents" to secretly buy his books! I left, with my pile of books sitting on his counter, and have never been back. To my surprise, he is still in business today.

In the 1930's and 1940's (before my time), the stamp business in New York was centered on Nassau Street, mostly in one multi-storied building, which was full of stamp dealers. Stamp dealers seem to be even more eccentric than coin dealers. One prominent dealer in the building had a sign on his door which read: "State your business and get out."

Joe Boling writes:

About grumpy dealers, here's my contribution, originally published in the MPCGram 180, 28 November 2000. 

In the summer of 1976 I was driving across the country visiting friends, relatives, and dealers on my way to Fort Harrison (Indianapolis) for a 13-week school. I had been buying Japanese coins from Almanzar's in San Antonio for several years, so I wanted to drop in there (among several other shops in SA). I finally got there early one afternoon and asked to see their world paper money, emphasizing Asia (by that time my type set of Japanese coins had been completed).

I was told that they had a fair quantity of foreign paper money, but that they didn't have time to show it to me. I reminded them that their principal stock in trade was Latin American material, and that they never listed nor auctioned the kinds of notes I was interested in; if they were ever to sell them, it would have to be across the counter in their shop, and I was there as a ready buyer. 

They still insisted that they did not have time to show me their carton of world notes. I asked why, as there were obviously a couple of clerks in the shop, in addition to other staff in the back room working on an auction. The response was that someone would have to sit with me while I went through the box, and they could not afford to dedicate a clerk to me for that purpose. I asked what it would take to hire a clerk to watch me; the answer was $20 an hour. I said OK, bring out the box and assign a clerk; here was my first $20.

I spent almost two hours going through that box, and found the following items that I can still recall and identify:

the first known violet Malaya $100 note (SB2178b) in AU, $3 (there are now 3-4 known) [and eight years later, only 3-4 more]

a counterfeit Central Reserve Bank of China 500 yuan note (SB1241aq), the first I had seen, in XF for $2.50

a Japanese military ten yen note (SB2011) with rubber stamps on the back of Lawrence P. Hoseman, whoever he is (F, 75 cents)

a Japanese military five yen note (SB2025) with odd vermilion and ink characters stamped and written on it (I still have not figured out their significance), VG for 30 cents

The total invoice reads:

consultation $20; misc notes $19.45

You can see from the $6.55 accounted for above that I bought a lot more notes that day, and it was the best $20 consultation fee I ever paid.


It's not only dealers who get grumpy - buyers (and readers) have their days, too.
Dave Harper of Numismatic News published an amusing entry in his blog Friday, about a particularly grumpy reader who was not about to let the facts get in the way of his tirade.  -Editor

Under the heading of “no good deed goes unpunished,” I cannot help but relate this anecdote relating to the first State of the Industry special issue of Numismatic News that we recently put into the mail.

It was filled with commentary from the numismatic industry’s leaders as well as from readers.

The cover date is Nov. 14. That is three days after the prior regular issue and four days before the following regular issue. It is an extra issue.

I received a phone call Wednesday from an upset caller. He wanted to tell me in no uncertain terms that he had canceled his subscription because we had completely changed Numismatic News.

I told him we hadn’t completely changed the paper and asked him what was the date of the issue that he was referring to. I thought I knew what he would tell me and I was correct in this.

When he told me, I said indeed this particular issue was different, but it was a special extra issue.

That didn’t stop him.

To read the complete blog item, see:

Extra hassle from extra issue



Last week Charlie Davis reported receiving the following eBay comments from an Australian buyer:

No tie-less wide lapels or sneakers at this race day. Ermine bindles 

Stylish duo caught on CCTV but the falcon did not land in the nest!

Colin Pitchfork writes:

This to my way of thinking is reference to the Melbourne Cup held on 
the US election day 4th November. It is a special race day with lots of 
dressed women with flowery hats and rather over the top attention. The 
race finished in almost a dead heat which was sorted out by the CCTV.

The falcon and the nest could be a reference to a horse (I don't follow 
the races) that was in the race. It may also allude to his purchase not 

As you note his creative writing was probably penned from having imbibed 
himself and indulgences on that day (wine or other beverages with a high 
alcohol content).

I hope this helps Charlie. Not all writers resort to poetic prose in 
giving a positive response on eBay.


Regarding numbers designating U.S. patterns assigned after the publication of the Adams-Woodin book on the topic, Alan Meghrig writes:

Perhaps your kind readers can identify where some ‘new AW numbers’ were published. I am looking primarily for the source publication of the description, secondarily for conversions; noting in which auction catalogs or collector notes the information appears. 

All of the following are Two Cent patterns

AW 60A

AW 415A

AW 454A

AW 457A, B, C, D, E, F

AW 519A, B

AW 520A

AW 638A

 Any additional new AW numbers for Two-Cent patterns.


George Cuhaj is offering on eBay this week some interesting items relating to American Numismatic Society publications.  They are letterpress half-tone (screened dot image) copper acid-etched plates depicting society medals and logos.  George writes:

These items were disposed of officially by the ANS in a house-cleaning during the mid-1980s.  They were probably used for illustrations in the American Journal of Numismatics when the medals were originally offered for sale, and re-used for the 1957 Centennial History edition. They make for very nice desk paperweights.

To view George's lots for sale on eBay, see:

Items for Sale



R.V. Dewey has been sharing with us close-up images of coins in which he sees figures and faces he believes were placed there purposely by engravers, particularly James Longacre.  R.V. writes:

The following direct quote is from the first two sentences of a four page handwritten letter from Mr. Victor David Brenner to the president of the ANA, Mr. Farran Zerbe, concerning the use of his initials on the Lincoln cent. There was a furor over the use of mere initials!  Can you imagine if anyone had discovered images on a coin?

August 23rd, 1909

My dear Mr. Zerbe,
It is mighty hard for me to express my sentiments with reference to the initials on the cent. 
The name of the artist on a coin is essential for the student of History, as it enables him to trace environments and conditions of the time said coin was produced.

R.V. forwarded the following image from the reverse of the 1855 Flying Eagle cent pattern J-171A he calls Witch Eye(TM).  

R.V. writes:

I thought your readers might enjoy all the anomalies in and around the letter U, from the word: UNITED.    I assure you the green, red and orange colors on Witch Eye(TM) are not verdigris or environmental damage!  Mr. Longacre doodles on a coin, like most of us would use scratch paper.  I can not explain why the images are so plentiful or so small, but that was never my job.  I am only the messenger.  How many faces do you see?  Look very carefully; as these images were never intended to be seen by us, the Outsiders!  

Take your time and view this image from several different angles.  Increase the brightness on your monitor.  Image shifting and camouflage abound!  You may view this image at 90,180 and 270 degree rotations. Enjoy!

Well, some of us have seen some of the faces R.V. describes, and others say the phenomenon is a "man in the moon" effect of the brain inventing patterns out of random marks.

R.V. adds:

I cannot speak for others, but when I see “the man” in the moon, he never has any of his friends with him, nor do any of them wear “JL” hats!

Well, I'm not sure I see anything in this one.  I do "see" some cartoon-style "faces" in multiple places when viewing at multiple angles.  Some look like a line of three or four "Pac-Man" ghosts.  It's easier to "see" these images after viewing the photo on multiple occasions.  Maybe this is just a way of training the brain to recognize patterns that aren't really there.  Or maybe it does just take multiple viewings for the brain to process what it’s seeing.  But I'm not convinced there's anything to see in this image.  Readers?  Do you see anything?


Last week we discussed "The World's Smallest Engravings".  This week R.V. Dewey forwarded an ABC News segment about the world's smallest sculptures, created by an amazingly talented gentleman named Willard Wigen in Birmingham, England.

R.V. writes: 

The gentleman you are about to meet can neither read nor write!   This is a wonderful video of hand carvings the size of a blood cell.  Is it really possible? Evidently it is.  Enjoy!

>From the web page:

This man can't read or write but he can carve out the Statue of Liberty inside the eye of a needle. His sculptures are so small that he even thought he may have accidently inhaled his Alice in Wonderland piece.  His life's work was sold to a collector for $20 million.  Especially impressive was the Charlie Chaplin sculpture that was balanced on the tip of an eyelash.

To view the video, see:

Art in the Eye of a Needle


The hoaxbusting web site Snopes says Wigen is the real McCoy.  The following was taken from Wigen's web site.

Willard Wigan was born in Birmingham, England in 1957 and is the creator of the smallest works of art on earth. From being a traumatised and unrecognised dyslexic child, he is now emerging as the most globally celebrated micro-miniaturist of all time and is literally capable of turning a spec of dust into a vision of true beauty.

Willard can create a masterpiece within the eye of a tiny sewing needle, on the head of a pin, the tip of an eyelash or a grain of sand. Some are many times smaller than the fullstop at the end of this sentence.

Many are even smaller still, with some being completely invisible to the naked eye yet, when viewed through high power magnification, the effect
on the viewer is truly mesmerising. 

He works in total solitude at a quiet retreat in Jersey mainly at night when there is a greater sense of peace in the world and less static electricity to interfere with the immeasurable precision and tolerances required to create the pieces.

The smallest sculptures can only be measured in thousandths of an inch which is why they can sit, very delicately, on a human hair three thousandths of an inch thick. When working on this scale he slows his heartbeat and his breathing dramatically through meditation and attempts to harmonise his mind, body and soul with the Creator. He then sculpts or paints at the centrepoint between heartbeats for total stillness of hand. He likens this process to "trying to pass a pin through a bubble without bursting it." His concentration is intense when working like this and he feels mentally and physically drained at the end of it.

To read the complete Snopes article, see:

Microscopic Art



Dennis Tucker, David Lange and others have been discussing the topic of numismatic book publishing.  E-Sylum reader Scott Semens addressed the subject a few years ago, and his essay on Advice To Numismatic Authors is available on his web site. Here are some excerpts.

As a dealer and bookseller in Asian-African series I often critique references in order to advise customers what to buy, and sometimes get requests from authors for advice. Numismatic cataloguing is an age-old and international practice. Methods and goals differ among mass market, academic, trade, and self-published works. But standardization is the inevitable way of things, and discussion among users, authors, and publishers over the details can help preserve the best of the past amidst the opportunities offered by changing technology. What follows is a sort of advice-to-authors compilation. I have tried to identify options, and state my own preferences in balancing user convenience, ease and cost of production, and appropriateness to topic. Hopefully you will be able to identify topics I have missed, yet more options for those discussed, and defend choices which I have shortchanged. 

     My comments are directed mainly at authors of specialized catalogs, rather than works in economic or numismatic history, or omnibus catalogs such as the SCWC, though the latter will be invoked as example due to familiarity and to the spotlight cast by Krause's recent global change in certain format elements. 

     Three general observations: 1) Authors generally write with other specialists in mind, not realizing that generalists or complete outsiders account for 90% of the sales of their works. Simpler is better. 2) A good numbering system is important to the acceptance of a new catalog. It is not an afterthought; it can make or break a work. Simpler is better. 3) Seek detailed advice from collectors, dealers, and publishers during the production of your work. 

     Users of numismatic references generally want these elements: Historical (brief) and numismatic (more) background information; a catalog that is comprehensive by type and more detailed by variety than earlier works, well-illustrated, with a numbering system and valuations. A finding list if the material requires it.

A good layout makes it easy for the user to pluck information from a reference and move on, which is what the vast majority of users want to do. My own preference is for works which make full use of font variations such as separate fonts, bolding, and sizing, and positional elements such as indentation and centering - to whatever extent the complexity of the subject mandates. Columns or even a gridded table will ease the eye's burden for listings which include a large number of specs. It is also important to repeat category headings with each double page spread. 

     As collector and institutional websites themselves evolve toward catalogs and authors make choices based on translation from print to web or vice versa, bear in mind that desktop publishing programs are much more versatile than the crude and still evolving HTML language in creating eye-friendly layouts. An online catalog's advantages include low cost and ease of update, while a printed catalog's include more universal access, ease of use, ease of comparison (object to image), and permanence. Not considered here, but a useful topic, would be the ease of translation to online format of various print formats, and conversely, ways of designing online catalogs to facilitate compact printouts with satisfactory graphics.

There is rarely any profit in publishing a specialized numismatic work. Finding a publisher, or a printer, are essay-length topics themselves. I could mention one or two firms to avoid because they do not work well with dealers or get good distribution. I am impressed by a print-on-demand service with outlets in Europe and North America, such as Trafford Publishing. 

     People DO judge a book by its cover; don't economize here. Use a bold, color graphic and preferably a color background, even if it means color photocopying on card stock.

Scott has some great advice and observations here.  The sections on 
Layout & Display formats and Numbering are particularly useful.

To read the complete article, see:




Several weeks ago we discussed dealer Hal Birt, Jr, who authored several works on Arizona tokens.  I didn't have time to publish the following when it came out on October 1st, here are excerpts from an article about Birt in the Arizona Daily Star.

Halden Birt Jr. never outgrew his childhood hobby.
He began collecting coins when he was a boy growing up on an Illinois farm, and turned his interest into a career.

Birt was an acclaimed numismatist who was tapped by the FBI to testify in court cases involving valuable coins, and he developed a method still in use today for determining the authenticity of rare coins.

In Tucson, he operated Glass Shoppe Coins at 4325 E. Broadway for 45 years, until his death Aug. 30 from congestive heart failure. He was 78.
Birt's younger sister, Beverly Knox, remembers young Halden and their father going to the bank every Friday for a new batch of coins through which to sort. Birt started out collecting Indian head pennies and buffalo nickels. Sometimes he let his little sister help him look for those he needed for his collection.

"I'd go to his shop and spend hours, and he'd always be there teaching," Spooner said. "The thing about Hal Birt that's fascinating is, he never looked down on anybody. He was fascinated by what you had to offer. He always wanted to learn and study and find out as much information as he could so he could talk about it. All different aspects of coins fascinated him. When you have someone who has that kind of passion, it rubs off.
"He was the grandfather for so many numismatists here in this town," Spooner said. "He was the numismatist's numismatist. He was an absolute student of the hobby and a teacher."

Birt wrote numerous articles and seven self-published books that are still used as reference by coin collectors. The father of two had a special interest in collecting Arizona tokens — coinlike pieces made of brass, copper, aluminum or other metal that were offered in trade by businesses, often saloons — from the 1880s to 1930s, according to a 1991 Tucson Citizen article about his token collection.

"He thought that Arizona was not appreciated as much as tokens from other states," Tumonis said. "He wanted to put a book out there to introduce collectors to the field of collecting Arizona tokens because there weren't any other books in the field out there when Hal began writing his book."

Birt, a past president of the Tucson Coin Club and longtime member of the American Numismatic Association and the Sociedad Numismatica de Mexico, also was interested in Sonoran coins, tokens and scrip.
It was Birt, fellow numismatists say, who first used die stress analysis to determine the authenticity of rare coins, a test that is still used by collectors.

"He was one of the last old-fashioned coin shops in Tucson," Tumonis said. "It's kind of an end of an era. There are other coin shops that are quality establishments, but they don't have the same feel as Hal's did. It's a tremendous loss of knowledge in the numismatic community."

To read the complete article, see:

Halden Birt Jr.: He was the king of coins — bank on it



is seeking consignments of 
choice material for future auctions.
To discuss options, contact 
David Fanning at
dfanning at
Our Web site is available at


On Tuesday it was time for the monthly dinner meeting of my Northern Virginia numismatic social club, Nummis Nova.  It would be a small gathering this time, since a number of regulars had schedule conflicts this month.  But those of us who made it had a special treat - we had our dinner under the same roof as our first President, George Washington.

We met at Gadsby's Tavern in Alexandria, VA.  John Gadsby operated the hotel and tavern from 1796 to 1808. His establishment was a center of political, business, and social life in early Alexandria. The tavern was the setting for dancing, theatrical and musical performances, and meetings of local organizations. George Washington twice attended the annual Birthnight Ball held there in his honor. Other prominent patrons included John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and the Marquis de Lafayette.

Our host tonight was Bill Eckberg, who lives just a few blocks away, and held his wedding reception in the tavern in 2002.  I pulled into a nearby parking space and got out to pump quarters in the meter.  A city parking policeman quickly pulled up in a cart and silently waved a finger at me.  "Is something wrong?", I asked, figuring I'd unknowingly parked in a handicapped or other restricted spot.  He told me to stop feeding the meter - parking was free on holidays, and today was Veteran's Day.  So I hung onto my last quarter, thanked him, and crossed the street to the tavern.

As I was reading the historical plaques posted on the walls I was greeted by Tom Kays and David Schenkman.  As we walked in, Tom recognized the bartender and hostess, whom he knew from their time working at another local restaurant.  It was like walking into Cheers with Norm Peterson - everyone knew his name.

We were directed to our table in a quiet back room where Bill was already waiting.  There would only be the four of us, but we had a wonderful time sharing dinner and numismatic discussion.   I ordered the Surrey County Peanut Soup and Jumbo Crab Cakes.

Bill told us about the lute player who once appeared regularly at the tavern.  He dressed in period garb and would converse with diners about current events - of two hundred years ago to the day.   Music continued to be a topic.  Dave, who operates a banjo business, told about setting up at the Nashville Bluegrass Show and meeting Red Henry, a mandolin player.  Red is active in the Early American Coppers Society, but Dave first knew him only as a musician, not a numismatist.   Dave remembered times when as a child, his father's friend Victor Borge would stop by the house to play piano and trade jokes.

Dave told us about how he got started in the coin business.  He had been a collector at a young age, but put all his coins in his father's safe deposit box before going off to military service.  After returning he'd forgotten about the coins until his dad asked when he was going to get them out of his box.  Dave had acquired a number of things he no longer was interested in keeping, so he began selling.  Luckily, he'd made some good buys, including rolls of 1931-S and a roll of 1955 Doubled Die cents, which had appreciated in value while he was away.

Discussion turned to Alexandria coin dealer Gene Brandenburg of the Old Town Coin Exchange on King Street.   Dave had purchased coins from 
him, as had Bill, who bought from Gene what became the first coin in his U.S. half cent collection.   In other reminiscences, Dave told about buying Sutler notes from the Grover Criswell collection sale at an American Numismatic Association convention auction, and making a trade with former ANA general counsel Ellis Edlow (Civil War Tokens for the Fuld Virginia token collection).

Our theme for the evening was "coins of Presidents born in Virginia".  Dave and I had nothing, and our host Bill could only offer one of the new dollar coins of Madison.  But as always, Tom Kays came through with a very interesting exhibit. He'd assembled a group of coins dated in the birth year of each Virginia-born American President, including TWO for Washington since the year depends on the choice of Julian or Gregorian calendars (showoff!).
By the way, there were eight Presidents born in Virginia:

George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
James Monroe
William Henry Harrison  
John Tyler
Zachary Taylor
Woodrow Wilson

Other great stuff Tom passed around included an 1871 medal by an Alexandria silversmith, a prize for "Perfect Recitation" awarded to Kate W. Duffy by the Mt. Vernon Institute.

Tom gave me a printout of the Colchester Treasure Hunting web site, which is this week's Featured Web Site.  I passed around copies of the 1st and 2nd editions of Richard Doty's book, America's Money, America's Story.  I quizzed everyone on the musical puzzle in the District of Columbia scrip notes (see the Quick Quiz elsewhere in this issue).  Bill Eckberg named one of the tunes, and Dave got the other.  Who will be the first to get both? 

When it came time for dessert I ordered the Tipsy English Trifle, a sherry-laced pound cake layered with blueberries and vanilla pudding.  Yum!

There were two outstanding questions for the evening, both posed by Tom Kays.  We were stumped, but perhaps our readers can help:

Will the exhibits at the new U.S. Capitol Visitor's Center include numismatic items?

Is there a formal name for the premium placed on precious metal possession?  Tom noted the difference between futures prices paid for silver contracts vs actual delivery and possession of the metal.

Well, it was a small gathering, but quite intense in the exchange of numismatic information and fellowship.   Thanks for a great evening, guys!

For more information on Gadsby's Tavern, see:


An article published Saturday in the Ottawa Citizen retells the story of how the Canadian "loonie" dollar came to be - the unlikely result of a poor choice of shipment for dies from the Royal Canadian Mint.

The unsolved and forgotten crime story that gave birth to the loonie coin two decades ago has been revived by a retired Mountie who suggests the key to the great Canadian coin caper could lie hidden somewhere in Ottawa.

On the morning of Nov. 3, 1986, two freshly engraved master dies for Canada's new $1 coin were picked up by a courier service from the Royal Canadian Mint on Sussex Drive for delivery to the mint's Winnipeg production plant. The mint planned to save $43.50 by sending the dies through a local letter-courier firm instead of a high-security armoured service.

One die carried the image of the Queen and the other noted sculptor and artist Emanuel Hahn's iconic "voyageur canoe" scene that had graced Canada's first silver dollar and other coins since 1935.

The plan was to introduce a new bronze-coloured voyageur canoe dollar coin in early 1987 and begin a two-year phase-out of the old green-and-white $1 bill.

But 11 days later, on Nov. 14, distressed mint officials in Winnipeg called in the Mounties -- the two steel dies had never arrived from Ottawa.

The Winnipeg investigators eventually concluded the dies never arrived there and may have been swiped before they ever left Ottawa, said Mr. Stewart, who retired in 1995 after 35 years of service.

If correct, that means the lost voyageur and its mate may still be floating around the capital. Their resurfacing would be no small change to coin collectors and the Royal Canadian Mint, which is celebrating its 100th anniversary.

"Everybody has a dollar in their pocket, so they can kind of understand this story," said Christine Aqunio, an Ottawa spokeswoman for the mint. "It's one of those urban legends or folklore stories of the mint that everybody likes to talk about. What really happened to those dies?"

As Mounties in Winnipeg and Ottawa tried to answer that question in late 1986, mint officials combed their design bank and selected an image of a loon by artist Robert-Ralph Carmichael. It had been submitted and rejected in 1978 as the image for a $100 gold coin. The substitute design was quickly approved by the federal government.

But for two months, officials said nothing publicly, hoping the lost voyageur and the other die would surface. Before they left the mint in Ottawa, the two dies -- each about eight centimetres square by a few centimetres thick -- were to be packaged separately for shipping, a standard security practice to prevent counterfeiters from getting their hands on a complete set of dies. But they somehow ended up being packaged together in a box clearly marked as mint property.

A week after the dies went missing, mint officials finally informed Monique Vézina, the minister responsible for the mint. For several weeks, Ms. Vézina and mint officials even considered making a minor change to the voyageur design that would enable a police investigation to track down where any counterfeits might be coming from.

That was scrapped when someone decided the public could get burned with the counterfeits in the meantime. People who unknowingly wind up with counterfeit money are required to turn it over to police without any compensation.

On June 30, 1987, six months behind schedule, the first of the bronze-plated nickel dollars went into circulation and 850 million loonies later, the image stands as a ubiquitous Canadian symbol in its own right.

"When you think about it, the loonie is by accident, it was never supposed to be," said Ms. Aquino.

To read the complete article, see:

The lost voyageur



On Tuesday the Daily Mail published an article noting that the 
Tradition of throwing coins for children at the opening of St Ives Michaelmas Fair was set to be banned due to health and safety fears. 
Can anyone tell us the outcome of the vote?  Was the Christmas coin toss saved?

The tradition of dignitaries throwing coins for excited children to scoop up at the St Ives Michaelmas Fair dates back 80 years.
But times have changed and it is set to be scrapped amid fears that someone could be injured.

Instead, the mayor and councillors of the Cambridgeshire town have been advised to 
tamely roll the coins towards the scores of kids who line up to scamble for the bounty.

Throughout the history of the event there has only been one freak injury - when someone's glass eye was broken by a coin in the 1940s.
Critics branded the warning another example of 'health and safety gone mad', while the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents said any ban would be 'over-cautious'.

The issue was due to be voted on tonight at a full meeting of the town council, which is dominated by independents, but the mayor indicated members were likely to accept the officers' advice.

'I think it is totally appropriate that at a large public event the council is considering people's safety,' he said.
The Michaelmas Fair is a traditional Christian festival which marks the coming of autumn.

In St Ives, the three-day event opens each October with a procession of 16 councillors who parade through the town to the Market Square.
Up to 150 local primary school children gather to greet the dignitaries, who then throw new 2p coins from bags they are issued with.

To read the complete article, see:

Children's 80-year-old coin throwing tradition to be banned over 'health and safety fears'



Dick Johnson forwarded this article about a scale collector who opened a museum.  The collection includes coin scales.  -Editor

John Schott leads a well-balanced life.

He has been a collector of scales, weights and measures since 1965, researching their history and reading magazines such as Equilibrium and a Balanced View, both publications of the International Society of Antique Scale Collectors.

His collection of hundreds of scales ranges from those large enough to weigh freight to those small enough to be carried in a pocket. His oldest scale dates to 500 A.D. and was used by Arabs to weigh coins testing the gold content and therefore the coins’ authenticity.

Recently, Schott moved his collection to Platte Woods and established a museum that is open by appointment.

Schott has hardware scales, including a Howe scale used to weigh nails. It is engineered to use one nail as a balance to measure out 10 nails. Among his collection of baby scales is an unusual 17th or 18th century English one with a wicker basket to hold an infant. Along the walls are large scales and commercial scales that require a penny for weight and 25 cents to tell your fortune. On the shelves are fish scales, coin measures for different denominations, scales used by gold and silver miners and a group of rare toy scales.

Also featured are opium scales from Asia contained in fish- and violin-shaped cases. One even has poppies carved in the top.

Glass-enclosed balance scales were used by pharmacists to dispense medicines.

Schott has a roomful of American and foreign postal scales from the commercial size to the desk type to the pocket varieties, one of which looks like a fountain pen. Its box advertises it as the perfect gift.

To read the complete article, see:

Platte Woods museum holds hundreds of scales



An Associated Press article this week discussed the release of the Hawaii quarter, the last in that long series of circulating commemorative U.S. coins.

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